Fundamentals of public speaking

“The Importance of Education: Unlocking Opportunities and Overcoming Obstacles” Closing the Opportunity Gap: The Importance of Education in Achieving Social and Economic Stability “Closing the Opportunity Gap in Education: Promising Factors and Strategies”

Arienyi Cristal Jimenez Cruz November 28, 2021
Public Speaking
Professor Miranda
I. A.
B. C.
Attention Step
Attention Grabber: Education is a crucial part of society and it can have a huge impact on anybody, especially people of color, and of low income.
B.Relevance: Everybody in this room is in an educational setting, being that we are in college. We are either here as students or as teachers.
Credibility and Specific Purpose: As a first generation afro latina who lives in Harlem, New York City, I personally see the value and benefits of having a college education. It is important to me that I spread information to everybody in this room about the importance of education because I know college is hard but it can better improve your way of living if you get a degree.
Proposition of Fact: Education is an important factor in life. A higher education puts us in a better position to have positive opportunities such as higher paying jobs and self fulfillment.
Preview: In the following minutes I will be speaking on the many problems and obstacles lack of education may cause and how having an education would help solve them
Transition Sentence: Lack of higher education can lead to unemployment, lower paying jobs, and not having a career network.
II. Need (or Problem) Step: A higher education is your passport to higher paying jobs and self fulfillment.
1.College graduates are more likely to earn more than those without a college education. According to Habitat for Humanity of Broward (2020) the author states “People with higher education and varied experience are more likely to get high-paying, expert jobs.” This is due to the fact that people that get a higher education are getting a degree in this job field and are expertising in this area. So people that don’t get a high education are left to survive with barely acquiring low skilled and minimum wage type of jobs.
2.Furthermore, not only does not having a higher education leave these people to considerably low paying jobs but it makes it harder for them to even get jobs in the first place. According to Cabrini University (2020), the article states The Pew Research Center conducted a survey that showed a much lower unemployment rate for people ages 25–32 with a bachelor’s degree than those in the same age bracket without a bachelor’s degree.”
3. In this world money is important to be able to buy anything whether that’s food, water, a home, a car etc. In order to get money one must work and save that money, but if they can’t get
a job they can’t get money. This is why people who don’t have a higher education often struggle. According to Cabrini University (2020) the author states, “ While earning a bachelor’s degree, students start building a professional network—with classmates, professors, and guest speakers. Many colleges and universities have alumni networks and LinkedIn groups to help build connections.” This isn’t something that is accessible to people who don’t go to college. Adding on. Though money doesn’t guarantee self fulfillment, it can help us achieve it, for instance, the ability to be financially independent, able to help others, to own or lease a car, a home and feel free to pursue our happiness can further be supported by having a higher education.
Transition Sentence: The previous points were the cons of not achieving a higher education, the following points will be the pros of achieving one.
III. Satisfaction(Solution): The key to an easier and more stable life is working towards a higher education.
A. There is a large gap when it comes to educational opportunities in the US. The gap is between the richer people’s children of the country and low income children. According to Isabel V. Sawhill (2013) on “Higher education and the opportunity gap” Sawhill states that “
For children from low-income families, preschool attendance is one of the strongest factors in school readiness; attending a
high-quality early childhood program also predicts higher levels of achievement at age 11. A followup study of the Abecedarian Project found that by age 30, participants were four times more likely to obtain a college degree than nonparticipants.” Furthermore the author continues to state that “Entering school ready to learn can improve one’s chances of reaching middle-class status by age 40. And a study of the Child-Parent Center program found a long-term return to society of $8.24 for every dollar invested during the first four to six years of school, including prekindergarten.” This proves that education is important to not only people but also to society.
C. Parents can also play a huge role in ensuring their child’s future. If parents earned enough with one job where they could go home and engage in their children’s education that could significantly improve the opportunity gap. To be more specific, according to The early learning network, the article states that “ evidence shows parents who engage in at-home learning activities play a big role in children’s academic success by supporting early cognitive, language and social-emotional development.” Furthermore, Steven
The obvious solution would seem to be this: First, encourage more low-income
children to go to college; and second, finance their education in order to narrow the
opportunity gap — a strategy that policymakers have been pursuing for the past few
decades.” This solution would impact the economy in ways the government couldn’t
imagine. It would cause a raise in the economy and ensure the stability of these children.
B. Adding on. According to Felicia Riley (2019) on “Fighting The Opportunity Gap: What
Schools Can Do To Close It” Riley states that “
Mintz, a professor at Yale University wrote an article where he explained that he has students that were rough diamonds and that he simply had to polish them. In this article he said that his best students came from a dark and rough past. He then went on to state that “My responsibility, then, was to teach and mentor: not simply to convey information, but do everything in my power to refine their skills and provide the kind of feedback that would allow them to realize their potential.If you truly believe that talent is widespread but opportunity isn’t, then your primary task as an instructor is to help students achieve their promise.” If teachers and professors were paid more and school resources were more broad, the opportunity gap could be closed and more children in the US would have the opportunity to be successful in life and achieve stability.
IV. Visualization
Imagine a world where the opportunity gap wasn’t a thing and every child in the US could have
access to the correct resources required to obtain a higher education.
Transition Sentence: Education is a crucial part of society. It helps us learn and grow as humans as a country and as a whole.
V. Action
A. Most people don’t go past a high school education and it leads them to obstacles that can be avoided by achieving a higher education.The key to an easier and more stable life is working towards a higher education. You’re less likely to ever be unemployed and you’re more likely to have the correct connections and get paid more.
B.Education is an important factor of life. As human beings we are naturally curious so it is always good to constantly learn new things. It is even better to take a step further and reward humans with positive sanctions and reward them with higher paying jobs.
C. So spread the word. Make sure the people you know, whether that’s family members or friends, about the pros of receiving a higher education and how they can begin to close the opportunity gap. Help them have a brighter future and a more peaceful life.
Works Cited
“Education Degree – Gain Valuable Hands-on Field Experience.” Cabrini University, Accessed 5 December 2021. Ludvik, Dana. “Four promising factors to close opportunity gaps among children of color – Early
Learning Network.” Early Learning Network, 29 June 2020, nity-gaps-among-children-of-color/. Accessed 7 December 2021.
Mintz, Steven. “Closing Higher Education’s Equity and Achievement Gaps | Higher Ed Gamma.” Inside Higher Ed, 8 July 2021, 80%99s-equity-and-achievement-gaps. Accessed 7 December 2021.
“Opportunity Gap – Talking Points.” Schott Foundation for Public Education, Accessed 7 December 2021.
“10 Benefits Showing Why Education Is Important to Our Society | Habitat for Humanity.” Habitat for Humanity of Broward, 21 January 2020, Accessed 5 December 2021.
Yarrow, Andrew L. “Higher Education and the Opportunity Gap.” Brookings Institution, 8 October 2013,
Accessed 7 December 2021.